Here are my notes from my first impression of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi’s second son, Saif al-Islam. At the time, July of 2007, Saif al-Islam was Gaddafi’s favorite and his likely successor.
“A rather dim-witted, disinterested brat. A bit distracted, but very stylish.”
But I added later:
“That first impression was dead wrong. The courage of this young man is remarkable. He defied the conventions of his father and country to state the truth.”
I was in Nice, France with the Libyan dictator’s son. My job was to arrange media interviews, primarily with the European press, to discuss Libya’s decision to release a group of Bulgarian nurses falsely accused of infecting Libyan children with HIV.
Libya had arrested the nurses years earlier, tortured them and imprisoned them in horrendous conditions. They were now releasing the nurses as part of negotiations with the European Union.
Earlier in the year, my agency (not my current place of employment) had been working with a client assisting Libya in restructuring its economy to allow for foreign and private investment and private ownership for Libyan businesses. It was a step toward more economic freedom for the North African nation. As part of that assignment, we had arranged for a debate on “democracy” between Gaddafi and two Western academics hosted by David Frost (that’s a story for another day).
Now, months later, the Libyans contacted us to help to arrange for media interviews for Gaddafi’s son to discuss the release of the nurses.
I visited Libya much earlier and had urged officials there to free the nurses. Obviously, there was incredible pressure from the West for the release, so I am by no means suggesting that I was anything more than another small voice pushing for the nurses to be returned to their families. But I had made a PR case for releasing the nurses to one of Gaddafi’s closest advisers a week before the nurses were freed.
The goal of the interviews in France was to position Saif al-Islam as the “compassionate” leader of Libya in waiting. Libya was “expelling” the nurses to focus on the sick Libyan children still struggling with HIV and would be announcing monetary aid for the children and their families.
From a hotel set along the pebbled coastline of Nice, we invited reporters from Newsweek, Time, BBC, Le Monde and Reuters to interview the dictator’s son. It was an exhausting and stressful few days. Saif al-Islam went completely off script – in a rambling, almost incoherent manner – and shocked us with his candor. However, his interviews with the media were often chaotic and disjointed affairs and he often contradicted himself.
As a result, much of what he said, didn’t get reported on in the way it should have been. But here was Gaddafi’s son – and apparent heir – saying:
- Libyan police fabricated the evidence against the Bulgarian nurses
- That Libya needed to draft a Constitution to promote democracy and transparency
- That this Constitution would be voted on by the Libya people in a free election
Unfortunately, Saif al-Islam downplayed the torture of the nurses and his manner about their fate was unemotional. And new reports had surfaced that France had enticed the Libyans to release the nurses with a proposed nuclear energy deal. So the media we had arranged exclusive interviews for were frothing at the mouth at these developments.
It overshadowed a lot of what the dictator’s son was actually saying.
But they noticed back in Libya.
Just after a live interview with the BBC, my mobile phone buzzed and I stepped out of the hotel conference room to answer it. “What’s going on over there?” my Libyan client contact asked. “You need to stop him from saying these things. The Libyans are not happy.”
I responded that I had no control over what Saif al-Islam said and that it was his decision – and his decision alone – to discuss a Libyan constitution and free elections. Frankly, I agreed wholeheartedly with a lot of what he said. I was ordered to cancel any remaining interviews, but we had already finished all of them.
I heard later – through our contacts and from news reports – that Saif al-Isam had been disciplined by his father on returning to Libya. Our Libyan contacts blamed Saif al-Islam’s pro-democracy comments on the influence of “a Western public relations agency.”
One wonders how that experience in France more than four years ago shaped the actions of Saif al-Islam this week as the Libyan people struggle to overthrow his father’s harsh regime. As the revolution took to the streets and state-sponsored violence erupted, Saif al-Islam appeared on Libyan television this week vowing that the Libyan government under his father “will fight to the last minute, until the last bullet.” He warned of “rivers of blood” if the protests continued.
Clearly, those were not the words of the moderate son I met in France. And with reports today of terrible and bloody violence against the protesters, many are dismissing Saif al-Islam as a pretender for democracy and not a real moderate.
Yet I’m not convinced. Truth is generally more complicated than what is reported in the media. What resonated for me were the words of a British professor who knew Saif in England (quote via the Guardian):
“Watching Saif give that speech – looking so exhausted, nervous and, frankly, terrible – was the stuff of Shakespeare and of Freud: a young man torn by a struggle between loyalty to his father and his family, and the beliefs he had come to hold for reform, democracy and the rule of law. The man giving that speech wasn’t the Saif I had got to know well over those years.”
Newsweek story from interview arranged in France: “The Politics of Blackmail”
Wikipedia page on Saif al-Islam
Guardian story on Saif al-Islam and Libyan turmoil
Photo by Blatant News (via Flickr)